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German Occupation (1941–1944)


22–25.06.1941 uprising took place in Kaunas.  
23–24.06.1941 institutions of the restored state were established in Kaunas.  
28.06.1941 disarmament, dissolution and transformation of rebel units into Lithuanian police, National Labor Protection Battalion, started.  
1941, at the end of June, after German soldiers occupied Kaunas, persecution of Jews and mass murder (pogroms) started. 
July of 1941 seven prison camps were set up in Kaunas, the largest of which were located in VI and II forts.  
15.09.1941 LAF prepared a memorandum to the General Commissioner Theodor Adrian von Renteln on the liquidation of the Lithuanian Government and the politics of the German civil authority which includes the neglect of the private property, the prohibition of the national symbols, etc. 
10.07.–15.08.1941 The Kaunas Ghetto was established in Vilijampolė. 
26.07-05.08.1941 autonomous structures of the Lithuanian government were liquidated.  
11.10.1941 resistance organization Lithuanian Front was established by the of pro-catholic intelligentsia.  
1941–1944 a few thousands of people of various nationalities, mostly Jews (the prisoners of the Kaunas Ghetto and Jews brought from other European countries), were killed in the forts of the Kaunas Fortress. 
May of 1942 Lithuanian Front (LF) established fighting unit “Kęstutis” with staff and 5 departments in Kaunas. 
22.08.1942 general assessors’ institution (in Lithuanian generalinių tarėjų institucija), a body of Lithuanian self-government, subordinate to German administration, starts working after the elimination of the Provisional Government of Lithuania. 
16–17.03.1943 in order to revenge Lithuanians for the boycott of SS legion foundation, Germans, in the largest Lithuanian cities, arrested 48 significant public and cultural figures, 17 of whom were Kaunas citizens and brought them to Stutthof concentration camp (Poland).  
25.11.1943 after five months of discussions between political parties and resistance movements, the main underground political organ Supreme Committee for the Liberation of Lithuania or (VLIK) (Lithuanian: Vyriausiasis Lietuvos išlaisvinimo komitetas),  
03.02.1944 general Povilas Plechavičius started to organize the staff of Lithuanian Territorial Defense Force (LTDF). 
29.07.–01.08.1944 the battle for Kaunas was fought between German and Soviet armies.