Here are presented the main dates and facts of Kaunas history chronologically divided into 8 historical periods according to the historical stages of Lithuania. The information is collected and systematised from the various sources about the most important events of Kaunas history, the most significant achievements of Kaunas in every historical period. The brief descriptions of the dates and facts are supplemented with illustrations, sources and references. The related dates and facts of Kaunas history are merged with references.
The old history of Kaunas reveals about the self-governed city created by a multi-ethnic and multicultural community.
19th century Kaunas was the center of the periphery of the Russian Empire, the center of the Kaunas province and the Samogitian diocese and the city-fortress surrounded by a fortress ring.
Have been built over 30 years Kaunas fortress was occupied after 10-day battles in 1915. By the Kaiser’s German army occupied city became the part of Oberosto.
Interwar Kaunas was the Provisional Capital of Lithuania. It was the “golden age” of Kaunas, in 20 years the provincial city became a metropolis of Lithuania.
In the grip of the totalitarian system the residents of Kaunas experienced the scourge of the nationalization of property, deportations and other repressions.
1941 June Uprising briefly revived the hopes of independence, but they were quickly dissipated by the German’s occupation regime.
Kaunas retained the memory of the Provisional Capital and opposed the russification pursued by the Soviet system.
Belfry tower of Catholic Seminary decorated with a Soviet star 1966. Photo by A. Dumbliauskas [From personal archives]
Nemunas view. Postcard [From KCPL collections]
Empire bank. Postcard [From KCPL collections]
Simonas Daukantas pedestrian bridge to Nemunas island. Photo by R. Vaitilavičienė. 2009 [From KCPL collections]
Take a look at Kaunas of the past centuries, admire the city's panoramas and other views.See more
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